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Telogen Effluvium


Telogen effluvium is a hair loss condition, categorised by diffuse hair shedding, often with an acute onset. In a person having telogen effluvium, some body change or shock pushes more hairs into the telogen phase. Telogen effluvium may exhibit androgenetic alopecia because the thinning occurs throughout the scalp. It may also resemble like alopecia areata, in that the hair loss begins suddenly and is a temporary condition. A telogen effluvium is when some pressure causes hair roots to be pushed precociously into the resting state. Telogen effluvium can be severe or chronic.

This condition is generally self correcting and can affect people of all ages. There is also another form of Telogen Effluvium referred to as 'Chronic'. This is importantly the same expostulate it is on-going. Telogen effluvium is basically caused by a traumatic event that occurred several months before, in the system of the person experiencing it. The most common causes are childbirth, severe infection, severe psychological stress, crash diets resulting in poor health or insufficient protein, and medications.

Severe Telogen effluvium happens in women who have had thick hair in their teens. Telogen effluvium can effect hair on all parts of the body, but, generally, only loss of scalp hair is symptomatic. Typically in this condition, nearly 30% of the hairs stop developing and go into the resting stage before falling out. A typical instance of telogen effluvium is observed after pregnancy. In this situation, women lose a meaningful amount of hair a few months after delivery when the protective effect of estrogen is removed. This heavy hair loss is called telogen effluvium. Till 90% of postpartum women suffer it.

People with telogen effluvium never fully lose all their scalp hair, but the hair can be prominently thin in severe cases. Telogen effluvium generally occurs about 1-3 months after a major stress to the body. The most common time it happens is in women about 1-3 months after childbirth. Telogen effluvium can occur at any age. It is not uncommon for newborns in the first months of life to experience an episode of telogen effluvium. No treatment is required for most cases of telogen effluvium.

Causes of Telogen effluvium

The common causes and risk factor's of Telogen effluvium include the following:

  • Changes in diet like crash dieting, anorexia, low protein intake, and chronic iron deficiency.
  • Excessive weight loss.
  • The flu or stress can also cause telogen effluvium.
  • Iron deficiency.
  • The same prodigy can be seen after stopping birth control pills.
  • Hormonal variations.

Symptoms of Telogen effluvium

Some sign and symptoms associated to Telogen effluvium are as follows:

  • The scalp will become less packed.
  • Telogen effluvium generally occurs about 1-3 months after a major stress to the body.
  • Hair loss will be more than normal.
  • Thinning of hair over the entire head.

Treatment of Telogen effluvium

Here is list of the methods for treating Telogen effluvium:

  • No treatment is required for most cases of telogen effluvium.
  • If the telogen effluvium is caused by a medication, the medication needs to be paused.
  • Use shampoos and conditioners which contain biotin and silica.
  • In cases where hair growth has not returned to a persuasive level, your doctor may suggest minoxidil (Rogaine), a lotion applied to the scalp which stimulates hair growth in some people.
  • Ensure a nutritious diet, with lots of protein, fruit and vegetables.