Morton neuroma, is a common condition which involves amplification of the interdigital nerve of the foot. Morton's neuroma is not actually a tumor, but a inspissating of the tissue that surrounds the digital nerve leading to the toes. It occurs as the nerve passes under the ligament joining the toe bones (metatarsals) in the forefoot. Morton's neuroma causes a sharp, burning pain in the ball of your foot. Your toes also may chisel, burn or feel numb if you have Morton's neuroma. Anything which causes compression or irritation of the nerve can lead to the growth of a neuroma.
The pain of a Morton's neuroma can incandesce to the nearby toes. The pain is frequently increased by walking or when the ball of the foot is squeezed together, and decreased with massaging. Morton neuroma is known to grow as a result of chronic nerve stress and irritation, particularly with excessive toe dorsiflexion. It also is rare for a Morton's neuroma to develop in both feet at the same time. The condition is much more usual in women than men.
Morton's neuroma, is also known as plantar neuroma. Morton's neuroma may occur in respond to irritation, injury or pressure - such as from wearing tight fitting shoes. The diagnosis of a Morton's neuroma can usually be made be the doctor when the history of pain insinuates it and the examination elicits the symptoms. Neuromas may also occur in other sites in the foot. The thickening, or enlargement, of the nerve which outlines a neuroma is the result of compression and irritation of the nerve. Footwear with pointed toes and/or high heels can generally lead to a neuroma.
Sometimes, people may also experience symptoms of shooting pains or tingling extending into the toe adjacent to the neuroma. Negative symptoms involve no obvious malformations, erythema, signs of inflammation or limitation of movement. A lump can grow at the base of the toes because of swelling and tumor growth. Signs of a Morton's neuroma can completely anatomize with simple treatments, such as resting the foot, better fitting shoes, anti-inflammation medications, and ice packs.
Causes of Morton neuroma
The common causes and risk factor's of Morton neuroma include the following:
- The actual cause of morton neuroma is unknown.
- High-punch athletic activities, such as jogging, that may susceptible your feet to repetitive trauma.
- An injury or other type of trauma to the region may also lead to a neuroma.
- In some cases, Morton's neuroma may result from abnormal movement of your foot, caused by bunions, hammertoes, flatfeet or excessive flexibility.
- Wearing shoes which are too tight.
- A morton neuroma may be caused by running or walking too much, but often it just occurs on its own.
Symptoms of Morton neuroma
Some sign and symptoms related to Morton neuroma are as follows:
- Burning pain in the ball of foot.
- There may also be numbness in the toes, or an unpleasant feeling in the toes.
- Discomfort that is worse while walking.
- Feeling of a lump between the toes.
- The pain is usually worse when your toes are pointed up.
- Tenderness between the bones of the third and fourth toes or between the bones of the second and third toes.
Treatment of Morton neuroma
Here is list of the methods for treating Morton neuroma:
- An injection of a corticosteroid medication in the area of the neuroma may lowers pain.
- Custom shoe inserts and pads also help relieve irritation by lifting and separating the bones, reducing the pressure on the nerve.
- Placing an icepack on the affected area helps reduce swelling.
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen, help reduce the pain and inflammation.
- Home treatment, such as rest, massage, may help relieve symptoms.
- It's must to wear shoes with a wide toe box and avoid narrow-toed shoes or shoes with high heels.
- Surgical removal of the growth may be important if other treatments fail to provide pain relief.