Acne is the visible end resultant of hormonal, bacterial and inflammatory disturbances that take place at the level of the oil pore (pilosebaceous follicle). It is caused by the skin's oil glands producing too much sebum, an oily substance, which results to plugged pores. It may, however, occur at all ages. Acne forms when the hair follicle of skin gets clogged by overproduction of sebum, dead cells and become infected by bacteria. It is differentiated by clogged pores and pimples.
Some adult women experience mild to passable acne due to hormonal changes associated with pregnancy, their menstrual cycles, or starting or stopping birth control pills. Acne typically affects the skin of the face, back, neck, chest and arms and the stringency of the condition can vary. Acne can also happen on the neck and upper arms. Acne affects most teenagers to some extent. It also can be caused by the expeditious production of a bacteria P.acnes.
Acne can have a short-term, possibly lasting psychological effect. Though acne is frequently not a serious health threat, it can be a source of eloquent emotional distress. Severe acne can lead to enduring scarring. Acne in various forms is defined primarily by its size and whether it is "inflammatory" of "non-inflammatory." The commencement of acne is the smallest type of lesion, called a microcomedo. Acne affects people of all skin colours. The processes which cause acne are actually the same in people with black or brown skin but the impact is variated by the skin pigmentation.
Acne is not a result of uncleanliness or infrequent washing. In other words, acne does not result from too much dirt on the skin or in the pores. Acne can occur later in life. However, the disease is not limited to any age group; adults in their 20s - even into their 40s - can get acne. Acne is rarely a severe clinical condition, but it often causes emotional distress and can lead to scarring of the skin.
Causes of Acne
The common causes and risk factor's of Acne include the following:
- Acne is caused by the skin's oil glands making too much sebum, an oily substance, which leads to plugged pores.
- Pimples are often caused by Propionebacterium acnes, a common bacterium on the skin that feeds on sebum.
- Some drugs, such as steroids and anti-epilepsy pills.
- Hormone changes during pregnancy.
- Greasy makeup.
- Hard scrubbing of the skin.
Symptoms of Acne
Some symptoms related to Acne are as follows:
- The first symptoms are small, proffer, red spots that later turn into pimples containing degraded fatty acids.
- Small spots which are white in colour, known as "whiteheads" (or closed comedones).
- Redness around the skin eruptions.
- Scarring of the skin.
Treatment of Acne
Here is list of the methods for treating Acne:
- Benzoyl peroxide - destroys P. acnes, and may also minimize oil production.
- Sometimes your health care provider or a dermatologist may impose oral contraceptives for girls to help clear up their skin.
- There are other chemicals betimes used in creams and gels such as: salicylic acid, nicotinamide, and azelaic acid.
- Wash once or twice daily with soap and water to remove excess oil from the skin.
- Your health care provider may provide an antibiotic, some are to be used on only your skin. Oral antibiotics have an antibacterial effect as well as an anti-inflammatory effect.
- Resorcinol, salicylic acid, and sulfur help breakdown whiteheads and blackheads.