Acne vulgaris is an inflammatory disease of the skin, caused by alterations in the pilosebaceous units. The frequent type of acne is called acne vulgaris. The disorder is objectified by large or small pimples and blackheads, seen chiefly on the face, forehead, neck, back, chest, and outer surfaces of the arms, and commonly it is associated with and excessive oiliness of the skin and with considerable dandruff of the scalp. The issue is most common in puberty, mainly among Western societies most likely due to a higher genetic predisposition.
Acne is most common in teenagers, but it can occur at an age, even as an infant. Three out of four teenagers have acne to some extent, possibly caused by hormonal changes which inspire oil production. Most young people get at least mild acne. It frequently gets better after the teen years. Although many adult women do have acne in the days before their menstrual periods. Acne vulgaris happens mostly on the face, neck, and back of most commonly teenagers and to a limited extent of young adults.
Acne vulgaris is the most common skin dishevel in North America. Acne affects a large portion of humans at some stage in life. Four key factors are accountable for the development of an acne lesion. These factors are follicular epidermal hyperproliferation with consecutive plugging of the follicle, excess sebum, the demeanor and activity of Propionibacterium acnes, and inflammation. If the inflammation is deep in your skin, the pimples may aggrandize to form firm, painful cysts.
There is, nonetheless, no way to prognosticate how long it will take for it to disappear completely, and some individuals will prolong to suffer from acne decades later, into their thirties and forties and even beyond. Anything which diminishes the individual's general vitality tends to aggravate the acne, whether this be constipation, faulty diet, anemia, insufficient sleep, or improper hygiene. Acne lesions are commonly considered to as pimples, spots or zits. Topical agents alone may be inadequate to treat inflammatory acne, which may benefit from systemic antibiotics.
Causes of Acne Vulgaris
The common causes and risk factor's of Acne Vulgaris include the following:
- Alterations in the pilosebaceous units.
- Some cosmetic agents and hair pomades may worsen acne.
- Greasy or oily cosmetic and hair products.
- Acne vulgaris may also be influenced by genetic factors.
- Family history of acne vulgaris.
- Bacteria in the pores, to which the body becomes 'allergic'.
- High levels of humidity.
Symptoms of Acne Vulgaris
Some symptoms associated to Acne Vulgaris are as follows:
- Pain or tenderness.
- Redness around the skin eruptions.
- Scarring of the skin.
- Most acne is mild, although some people experience inflammation with larger cysts, which may result in scarring.
Treatment of Acne Vulgaris
Here is list of the methods for treating Acne Vulgaris :
- Topical antibiotics (applied to the skin), such as clindamycin or erythromycin.
- Wash your skin once or twice a day with a gentle soap or acne wash. Try not to scrub or pick at your pimples. This can make them bad and can cause scars.
- Birth control pills can occassionally help clear up acne. (In some cases, though, they may make it worse.)
- Other antibacterials which have been used include triclosan, or chlorhexidine gluconate but these are often less effective.
- Oral antibiotics used to treat acne include erythromycin or one of the tetracycline antibiotics ( tetracycline, the better absorbed oxytetracycline, or one of the once daily doxycycline, minocycline or lymecycline ).
- Procedural treatments incolve manual extraction of comedones and intralesional steroid injections.